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Species List -- for the new classifications go HERE.

In addition to the regular species list, I have included a box below each species, which includes a list of species and their clones compiled by Dr. Jeff Smith. I want to thank Dr. Smith for making this information available, and add that he noted the question marks refer to plants he did not see in person or does not know if they exist here in the U.S. Sadly, he also reports that many of these clones may no longer be available. It is very important to preserve genetic diversity. Please care enough to share.

Those marked in blue are ones I have.

S. brevipilosa (S 10a) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single light purple/darker center; 1-4 per peduncle, very short lived. Light green, small, round, thin, glossy, soft, velvety, tightly bunched/pale back; randomly curved petioles. Usually single crown. Miniature to Semiminiature to Small standard. Mine grows as a miniature.

Cape Cod Violetry (CCV)
Mather No. 10
Uppsala 1989 – No. 3044 (in U.S.?)

S. confusa (S 16) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single dark purple, 2-6 per peduncle. Variable floriferous-ness. Medium green, thin, quilted, leathery, flexible, serrated/near-white back. Often multi-crowned. May develop sideways growth habit. Semiminiature to Standard

Cape Cod Violetry
1955 clone (probably the same as CCV)
Mather E (very large clone as compared to above)
Mather M – Brother Paddy
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3395 (in U.S.?)

S. difficilis (S 15) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single medium to dark blue, 5-7 per peduncle. Chartreuse, longifolia, tends to spoon, thin, deep veining, crinkled, rough, long hairs. Long, bent petiole. Usually single crown, may sucker. Standard

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 2
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3396 (much smaller growing than above with thicker leaves)

S. diplotricha-pale flowers

S. diplotricha #3085 -Uppsala - miniature to semi.

S. diplotricha (Usambara Mountains) Pale lilac with an almost pink undertone. Slightly olive color leaves. 7 blossoms per penduncle.

S. diplotricha parker (species) Rounded heart-shaped dark leaves. Pale lavender blossom.

S. diplotricha Punter #0 (S 12c) 1947 (B. Burtt) Single pale lilac/bright yellow stamens; seven per peduncle. Dark green, pointed, thick, serrated. Single crown, may sucker. Small standard

S. diplotricha Punter #6 (S 12a) 1947 (B. Burtt) Single pale lilac to light blue/bright yellow stamens; one per peduncle. Dark green, small, round, may spoon, lotus-type. Single crown, may sucker. Standard

S. diplotricha Punter #7 (S 12b) 1947 (B. Burtt) Single blue-gray to near white/bright yellow stamens. Dark olive green, plain, heart-shaped, pointed/light red back. Single crown, may sucker. Small standard

Cape Cod Violetry (Parker, Punter)
Mather L (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3083 (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3084
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3085
Maryjane Evans – Punter seedling

S. goetzeana (S 10) 1900 (A. Engler) Single tiny pale lilac to near white/darker upper petals. Three or more per peduncle, rarely blooms. Dark green, small, round, thick, smooth edge/lighter back. Creeping, branched stems, multi-crowned. Miniature trailer. Culture - this plant requires cool temperatures, below 75 degrees F is required. Grows best below 65 degrees and may need temps in the 40's to set blooms.

Cape Cod Violetry
bulletS. goetzeana is described as a high altitude species and is very tolerant of cooler temperatures.
bulletCan grow as low as 50-55 degrees F, maybe lower.
bulletNOT heat tolerant at all with an upper limit of about 76 degrees.
bulletNeeds to be reproduced under cooler conditions.
bulletWill die in higher temps.
bulletWarm temperatures will usually kill leaves or trails that you are trying to root.
bulletOnly known blooming conditions were produced by the late Mary Jane Evans. A photograph of the plant in bloom can be seen here

S. grandifolia #237 (S 7) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single blue-violet, one or more per peduncle, floriferous. Light green, elliptical, very thin, long flexible petiole. Usually single crown. Large

S. grandifolia #299 (S 7a) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single dark blue-violet, one or more per peduncle, very floriferous. Light to medium green, elliptical, very thin, crinkled, long flexible petiole. Usually single crown. Large

No. 237
No. 299
Mather No. 7 (which isn’t a S. grandifolia at all, probably an S. grotei)
Uppsala 1984 – No. 3486 (in U.S.?)

S. grotei (S 17) 1921 (A. Engler) Single, light-medium blue/variable darker eye, 2-3 per peduncle. Flowers may hide under foliage. Pale-dark green, variable texture, round, serrated on most clones. Usually near-white back, occasionally red. Green or brown flexible petiole, variable internode length. Large trailer

S. grotei amazon (Engler) Amazon version of S. grotei

Cape Cod Violetry
Cape Cod Violetry – Amazon (tetraploid)
Cape Cod Violetry - chimera
G149 (Cornell University)
Mather No. 9 or JJJ (in U.S.?)
Mather No. 21 (tentative species identification)
S. grotei Engler (from Iowa State – exact source unknown)
S. grotei Silvert (hybrid or seedling? – sent to J.S. from Mr. Silvert)
Uppala 1987 – No. 3091 (often called S. grotei Protzen)

S. House of Amani (species) Single medium lavender-blue, 3-7 per peduncle, hides under leaves, short-lived. Dark green, pointed, quilted, smooth, prominent veins, serrated/occasional red back, petiole. Usually single crown. Never declared a true species. Standard

S. intermedia (S 9) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single medium blue, 5-7 per peduncle, sparse. Olive green, small, round, tends to spoon, velvety, slightly serrated/purple-red back, prominent green veins. Single crown to trailing. Small standard or Trailer

Cape Cod Violetry

S. inconspicua (S 1) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single small blue-spotted white, atypical of other species, one or more per peduncle. Frail. Not known in collections. Miniature trailer

S. ionantha (S 5) 1893 (H. Wendland) Single blue-violet, 4-5 per peduncle, very floriferous. Dark green, pointed, heart-shaped, tends to spoon, thick, quilted, glossy, slightly serrated, long red-brown petiole/red back. Large. Culture - grows at sea level, likes warm conditions.

S. white ionantha (species) Light green foliage. Blossoms are white with occasional pale lilac tinge to them.

Cape Cod Violetry
Cape Cod Violetry – House of Amani
Mather No. 20 or N (white S. ionantha)
Uppsala No. 930919 (from Kew?)

S. magungensis var. magungensis (S 19) 1950 (E. Roberts) Single small dark violet-blue/darker eye, 2-4 per peduncle, very floriferous. Round, cupped-down, pebbled, slightly serrated, brown petiole/green-white back, prominent midrib. Semiminiature trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 8 or K (in U.S.?)
Mather No. 15 (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3082 (in U.S.?)

S. magungensis var. minima (S 19a) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single tiny light purple/darker eye, 1-2 per peduncle, rarely blooms. Medium, small, cupped-down, thin, hairy, serrated, red-brown petiole. Miniature trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3086 (in U.S.?)

S. magungensis var. occidentalis (S 19b) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single medium violet-blue/darker eye, 2-5 per peduncle. Medium green, ovate, tends to fold and spoon, glossy. Bushy trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 12 or J
bulletAnother high altitude plant that likely requires
low temperatures to trigger blooming

S. nitida (S 13) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single dark blue-purple, 8-10 per peduncle, floriferous. Dark green, round, may spoon, smooth, glossy, slender brown petiole/red back. Open growth. Small or bushy trailer or multi-crowned standard

Cape Cod Violetry
Japan (supposedly a chimera, but likely the same as CCV)
Mather V (in U.S.?)

S. nova – Nguru mountains (see Nguru Mountains Species Nova below).

S. orbicularis (S 14) 1947 (B. Burtt) Single small light lilac to almost white/darker eye, 5-8 per peduncle, floriferous but drops easily. Bright green, small, round to heart-shaped, thin, glossy. Single or multi-crowned. Small standard to Standard

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 11 (in U.S.?)

S. orbicularis var. purpurea (S 14a) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single small dark purple, 5-8 per peduncle, very floriferous. Dark green, round to heart-shaped, thin, glossy/light back. Single or multiple crown. Standard

Cape Cod Violetry

S. pendula (S 8) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single pale-medium blue, one per peduncle, difficult to bloom. Pale to yellow-green, textured, slightly elongated to ovate, very hairy, serrated, variable internode length/pale back. Trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
G304 (Cornell University)
Uppsala 1987 No. 3089
Uppsala 1987 No. 3090

S. pendula var. kizarae (S 8a) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single lavender, 2-4 per peduncle, floriferous. Light green, round, hairy, serrated. Trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3087 (in U.S.?)

S. pusilla (S 2) 1900 (A. Engler) Single, tiny white/mauve top petals, one or more per peduncle. Leaves tiny, triangular/purple back. Not known in collections, but may exist in some mountain ranges in Tanzania. Miniature

S. robertson (species) Large growing light green foliage. Medium to dark blue blossoms.

Mather – Robertson No. 5126 – ex Kacharoroni
Mather – Robertson No. 5462 – ex Mwachi (in U.S.?)

S. rupicola (S 10b) 1964 (B. Burtt) Single light-medium blue, three or more per peduncle. Light-medium green, heart-shaped, soft, smooth, glossy, velvety/light back. Leaves sometimes thick. Multi-crowned standard or Bushy trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 5
Mather ex. Cha Simba (Robertson 5461)
Mather ex. Mwarakaya (Roberson R sn)
Uppsala 1989 – No. 3167

S. shumensis (S 3) 1955 (B. Burtt) Single pale blue to almost white/variable darker eye, usually four per peduncle, sparse bloom. Bright green, pebbled, glossy, slightly serrated, short petiole, leaf blade twisted in some clones. Single crown, but tends to sucker easily. Miniature to Semiminiature. Culture -- grows at high elevations, so cool night temps fine. Use northern exposure, however it is very tolerant.

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather EE
Mather No. 19 (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1981 – No. 3048 (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3416 (in U.S.?)

S. Sigi Falls (species)Single variable blue-violet, 2-4 per peduncle, medium to difficult to bloom. Dull green, tends to look mottled, longifolia, may spoon, thick, tough, very hairy, varies in size/purple-red back. Multi-crowned. Never declared a true species. Large standard to Bushy trailer

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 14 (in U.S.?)

S. teitensis (S 4) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single light blue-violet; 1-2 per peduncle, rare blooms hide under leaves. Dark, slightly pointed, may spoon; thick, rough, brittle, glossy/red, sometimes light green back. Usually grows upright. Standard

Cape Cod Violetry
Mather No. 6 or Q (in U.S.?)

S. tongwensis (S 6) 1947 (B. Burtt) Single pale blue, may show dark pinwheel marking when grown cool; 4-6 per peduncle, very floriferous. Dark green, pointed, narrow, very thick, hairy, slightly serrated/some red back. May appear variegated with mottled pattern over main veins. Usually upright single crown, rarely suckers. Standard

Cape Cod Violetry
1955 (probably same as CCV)
Mather No. 4 (in U.S.?)
Uppsala 1987 – No. 3397

S. velutina (S 11) 1958 (B. Burtt) Single small medium violet/darker eye, some white tips. Five per peduncle, floriferous. Black-green, round to heart-shaped, may cup up or down, thin, hairy, velvety, pronounced veining, serrated/red-purple back. Single crown, may sucker. Standard

S. velutina amazon (B. Burtt) Amazon version of S. velutina.

S. velutina lite (species) Miniature version of S. velutina.

Cape Cod Violetry
Cape Cod Violetry Amazon (tetraploid)
Light or Lite (sport)
Listed as S. velutina – Iowa State (identity?)
Uppsala 1989 – No. 3166 (in U.S.?)

Miscellaneous Plants Listed by Dr. Jeff Smith
Mather No. 17 – Hercula Tea Estate (in U.S.?)
Mather No. 18 – D. Campbell (in U.S.?)
Nguru Mountain 1993 – Mhonda
S. pusilla – not in cultivation but reported from several locations in Tanzania
S. inconspicua – not in cultivation. I’ve (J. S.) seen picture of a reported plant.
S. malfensis – From the Malfi Hills of Tanzania. I’ve (J. S.) seen two reports and 1 picture.
Not in cultivation.

New Species Clones as listed by CCV

S. brother paddy from the Mather Collection. Collected by Brother Paddy MacNamara. May grow unruly but if you choose a symmetrical plant it will grow nicely. Flowers are small, dark purple, and have a wasp-like shape.

S. difficillis #2 from the Mather Collection.

S. grotei protzen from the Uppsala Collection. Pale blue blossoms, large light green leaves. An excellent trailer.

S. magungensis occidentalis from the Mather Collection. Beautiful shiny foliage.

S. pale rupicola not as vigorous as rupicola but nice. Pale blue blossoms.

S. pendula Iverson from the Iverson collection.

S. rupicola Chasimba another clone of rupicola. Very vigorous. Leaves are more pointed and top petals of flowers may overlap slightly. Culture -- shaded southern exposure, same as rupicola.

Nguru Mountains Species Nova (formerly named S. shumensis Nguru Mountains) Not yet unclassified, smaller than shumensis. Compact trailer, oval, dark green, red reverse, velvety, flowers small dark blue. This is not a clone of shumensis as formerly listed. This is the word directly from Dr. Jeff Smith. Collection notes: Collected by Christina
Grusell in February in 1993 in the Nguru Mountains near the village of Mhonda in the Morogoro District. The plant was found in the mountain rain forest near the great waterfall. S. confusa was also growing in this locality. The nova plant was growing in deep shade on the vertical sides of large boulders among the mosses. The plants were very small and hairy.

S. Mather #21 trailer from the Mather Collection, from the Usambaras Mountains, Tanzania. Similar to grotei but much darker leaves and blossoms, foliage more oval.

Sport of grotei a trailing semi-mini plant with blue and white chimera flowers that look like stars.